Month: September 2020

DOTS and SPOTS in Ophthalmology

DOTS and SPOTS in Ophthalmology

Histo spot: Punched-out chorio-retinal scars in Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) Cotton wool spots: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of cotton-wool spots. Cotton-wool spots have been associated with numerous other abnormalities, such as systemic arterial hypertension, collagen vascular diseases, cardiac valvular disease, carotid artery obstructive disease, coagulopathies, metastatic carcinoma, trauma, and human immunodeficiency …

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NODULES in Ophthalmology

Nodules in Ophthalmology

The following is a list of eponymous and non-eponymous nodules in Ophthalmology. Bussaca’s nodule – Inflammatory nodules in granulomatous uveitis over anterior surface of iris (REMEMBER _ BuSSacca nodules occur in iris Stroma – SS) Koeppe’s nodule – Inflammatory nodules in granulomatous uveitis over inner margin of iris. (REMEMBER – KoePPE nodules occur in Pupillary …

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FRUIT and VEGETABLE related One-Liners in Medicine

fruits and vegetable in medicine

????STRAWBERRY TONGUE-KAWASAKI????STRAWBEERY GUM-WEGENERS GRANULOMATOSIS????STRAWBERRY NASAL MUCOSA-SARCOIDOSIS????STARWBERRY NASAL MASS-RHINOSPORIDIOSIS????STRAWBERRY HAMENGIOMAS IN SKIN????STRAWBERRY GALL BLADDER-CHOLESTEROSIS????STRAWBERY VAGINA-TRICHOMONIASIS????STRAWBERRY SHAPED SKULL-EDWARDS SYNDROME????STRAWBERRY RECTOSIGMOID -INFECTION OF SPIROCHETE????STRAWBERRY SKIN- sarcoidosis????Strawberry sigmoid-b.vincenti????Strawberry nevus – capillary haemanigoma. ????RASPBERRY TUMOR: Umbilical adenoma????CRANBERRY JUICE – prevents UTI (Uinary tract infection)????Berry Aneurysms – saccular aneurysm of cerebral artery.????Berry Ligament- lateral thyrohyoid ligament.????Blueberry muffin baby – congential CMV., …

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Carcinogens are commonly asked in medical exams (be it USMLE, PLAB, NEET). Direct one-liners are asked about which carcinogen causes which cancer, and the mechanism of the carcinogenicity. More commonly though, exposure to carcinogen(s) is mentioned as a clinical clue in Clinical Vignettes, where the clue often clinches the diagnosis. Go through the following HIGH …