Month: February 2021

Causes of Air in the Biliary tree (Pneumobilia)

Remember the causes of air in the biliary tree / Pneumobilia using the mnemonic PERSEPOLIS. PERSEPOLIS Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography Emphysematous cholecystitis Retrograde cholangiopancreatography Surgery Enteric Fistula(due to gallstones or peptic ulcer disease) Pancreatitis Other(e.g. Congenital anomaly) Liver abscess Incompetent Sphincter of Oddi Alternatively; you can remember the mnemonic SuPER GaS to learn the causes of …

Causes of Air in the Biliary tree (Pneumobilia) Read More »

Mnemonics to remember Side-Effects of Busulfan

Remember the side-effects of Busulfan using the mnemonic BUSULFAN. Bone Marrow suppression Ulcers in Mouth Skin pigmentation Uric acid increased Lung Fibrosis & Loss of Fertility Appetite loss & Adrenal insufficiency Nausea and vomiting Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these …

Mnemonics to remember Side-Effects of Busulfan Read More »

Mnemonics for features of Turner syndrome

Remember the features of Turner Syndrome using the mnemonic ELECTION. Eye problems → ptosis, amblyopia, cataract Ear infections and hearing loss Lymphedema Low hair line Liver disorder Elbow deformity → cubitus valgus Cardiac abnormalities → Bicuspid aortic valve and Cortication Thyroid disorder → hypothyroidism Increased weight and BP Ovaries dysgenesis → infertility, amenorrhea Nipples → …

Mnemonics for features of Turner syndrome Read More »

Mnemonic for Causes of Aplastic Anemia

Remember the causes of Aplastic Anemia using the mnemonic LIONEL MESSI Long term exposure to Toxins Ionizing radiation Others(thymoma, pregnancy, GVHD) Nocturnal hemoglobinuria(~PNH) Epstein-Barr virus Lupus erythematosus Medication (NSAIDs, Anti-seizure agents, Antibiotics, Anti-thyroid) + Myelodysplastic syndromes Eosinophilic fasciitis, EBV Seronegative (non-A through -G) hepatitis Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and other inherited genetic abnormalities Idiopathic Hope that mnemonic …

Mnemonic for Causes of Aplastic Anemia Read More »

Mnemonic for Causes of Acute Renal Failure

Remember the causes of Acute Renal Failure (ARF) using the menmonic “Patients with ARF can’t VOID RIGHT ” Vasculitis Obstruction (e.g., calyces, bladder, or ureters) Infection Drugs (i.e., acute tubular necrosis [ATN]) Renal artery stenosis Interstitial nephropathy Glomerular disease Hypovolemia Thromboembolism Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know …

Mnemonic for Causes of Acute Renal Failure Read More »