Month: April 2022

Mnemonics to remember the Branches of Internal Carotid Artery

Two useful mnemonics to remember the branches of the internal carotid artery are A VIP’S COMMA Calming Voices Make Intra-Operative Surgery Pleasurable And Almost Memorable Mnemonics A VIP’S COMMA A: anterior choroidal artery (C7) V: Vidian artery (C2) I: inferolateral trunk (C4) P: posterior communicating artery (C7) S: superior hypophyseal artery (C6) C: caroticotympanic artery (C2) O: ophthalmic artery (C6) M: meningohypophyseal trunk (C4) M: middle cerebral artery (C7) A: anterior cerebral artery (C7) The last two branches …

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Mnemonic to remember the causes of Multiple Benign Lucent Bone Lesions

Some of the causes of multiple benign lucent bone lesions can be recalled with the following two super-helpful mnemonics: Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City CHEF JOHN P Mnemonics Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City N: neurofibromatosis (type 1) P: Paget disease O: Ollier disease H: hereditary multiple exostoses H: hyperparathyroidism (and hemophilia)  E: eosinophilic granuloma F: fibrous dysplasia J: Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome …

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Mnemonic for Tumors that Metastasize to Bone

Tumors that metastasize to bone may be remembered using the mnemonic “lead kettle” spelled PBKTL (“Pb” from the Latin plumbum which is the periodic table name for Lead). PB-KTL Mnemonic P: prostate B: breast K: kidney T: thyroid L: lung For females, breast and lung are the most common primary sites; nearly 80% of cancers that spread to the skeleton are from these locations. …

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Mnemonic to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fracture-dislocations

There are several mnemonics to remember the difference between  Galeazzi and a Monteggia fracture-dislocation. These two are often confused by medical students and therefore, frequently asked in competitive exams like USMLE PLAB and NEET. Here, in this article, I have enlisted some of these mnemonics that can be used to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fractures. GRIMUS MUGR (pronounced as mugger) FROG …

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Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis of Lucent and Lytic bone lesions

We have two super useful mnemonics for the differential diagnosis of lucent/lytic bone lesions : FEGNOMASHIC FOG MACHINES They are anagrams of each other and therefore include the same components. They are by no means exhaustive, but are good enough to help you remember a differential for a lucent/lytic bone lesion and will suffice for >95% of the time 1. Mnemonics FEGNOMASHIC …

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