ARTHROPOD BORNE DISEASES

the mosquito, macro, insect

Diseases and the arthropod vectors that transmit them are frequently asked in PSM in NEET-PG and medical PG exams. 1-2 direct one-liners are asked every year from this topic.
Revise this topic frequently as some of the diseases and vetors can be confusing.

SR NO.Arthropod Diseases transmitted
1Mosquito : Anopheles
Malaria, Filaria (outside India)
Mosquito : CulexBancroftian filariasis,
Japanese encephalitis,
West Nile fever,
Viral arthritis
Mosquito : AedesYellow fever,
Dengue,
Chikungunya,
Rift valley fever,
Filariasis(outside India)
Mosquito : MansonoidesMalayan/Brugian filariasis,
Chikungunya
2Housefly Typhoid & paratyphoid fever,
Diarrhoea , Dysentery,
Cholera,
Gastroenteritis ,
Amoebiasis,
Helminthic infestations,
Poliomyeliyties,
Conjunctivitis,
Trachoma,
Anthrax,
Yaws
3SandflyKala – azar ,
Oriented sore ,
Sandfly fever ,
Oraya fever.
4Tsetse flySleeping sickness
5LouseEpidemic typhus,
relapsing fever ,
trench fever
6Rat fleaBubonic plague,
endemic typhus,c
higgerosis,
hymenolepis diminuta
7Black fly (Simulum)Onchocerciasis
8ReduvilidbugChagas disease
9Hard tickTick typhus,
Viral encephalitis,
viral fevers,
viral hemorrhagic fever, (e.g., kyasanur forest disease ),
Tularemia ,
Tick paralysis,
Human babesiosis
10Soft tickQ fever ,
Relapsing pox
11Trombiculid miteScrub typhus ,
Rickettsial pox
12Itch – mite Scabies
13CyclopsGuinea- worm disease,
Fish tapeworm (D. latum)
14CockroachesEnteric pathogens
15DeerflyLoa loa
Use the mnemomic to SOFT RQ to remember that Soft tick trasmits Relapsing fever and Q fever.
Use the mnemonic LouRET to remember that Louse transmits Relapsing fever, Epidemic typhus and Trench fever.

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