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Xanthogranuloma pyelonephritis – High Yield Notes

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the kidney characterized by inflammation with sheets of lipid-laden macrophages, cholesterol clefts and fibrosis. The exact etiology is unclear however the condition is strongly associated with long-standing obstruction with low-grade infection. It typically affects middle aged women but has been seen from ages 2 to 82. …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Aortic Insufficiency

Remember the causes of Aortic Insufficiency using the mnemonic MANCHESTER. Myxomatoses Medication (containing fenfluramine or dexfenfluramine) Aneurysm of aorta Ankylosing spondylitis Congenital aortic valve disease (Bicuspid valve) Cystic medial necrosis Calcific degeneration Hypertension Endocarditis Separation of the layers within the aortic wall(Aortic Dissection) SLE Syphilitic aortitis Trauma Takayasu arteritis Tears in the intimal layer (Aortic …

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Mnemonics for Contraindications of Tonsillectomy

Remember the contraindications of Tonsillectomy using the mnemonic ABCDE. “A,B,C,D,E” Active infection Bleeding/ clotting disorders Cervical spondylosis Diphtheritic tonsillitis Endemic of polio Failure in controlling systemic diseases like hypertension, diabetes, bronchial asthma, LRTI Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical …

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Mnemonic for Symptoms and Signs of Dementia : 7A’s of Dememtia

Remember the clinical symptoms and signs of Dementia using the 7A’s of Dementia. Anosognosia – Ignorance of the presence of disease Agnosia – Inability to recognize objects by using the senses Aphasia – Loss of ability to speak or understand language Apraxia – Inability to perform purposeful movements Altered Perception – Misinterpretation of information from senses Apathy – Lacks interest in …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Hodgkin’s Disease : WAAARM LIFHS

Remember the clinical features and findings in Hodgkin disease using the medical mnemonic / acronym – WAAARM LIFHS Hodgkin’s Disease Clinical Features: WAAARM LIFHS Weight loss Anemia Abdominal pain Alcohol-induced pain in lymph nodes Regional lymphadenopathy Mediastinal involvement (eg: compression of local structures) Lymphadenopathy Itchiness Fever, night sweats, Pel-Epstein fever Hyperuricemia (eg: manifesting as gout) …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Turner Syndrome : CLOWNS

Turner Syndrome components and clinical features can be remembered using the mnemonic : CLOWNS Cardiac abnormalities: Co-arctation of Aorta Lymphoedema Ovaries underdeveloped : sterility, amenorrhea Webbed neck Nipples widely spaced Short Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics.

Mnemonics for Unconsciousness – Causes, Differentials, Treatment

Remember the differentials of Unconsciousness using this simple medical mnemonic : FISH SHAPED Fainted Illness/Infantile febrile convulsions Shock Head injuries Stroke (CVA) Heart problems Asphyxia Poisons Epilepsy Diabetes Remember the Common Causes of Unconsciousness using this simple medical mnemonic : DEATHH All these common causes need to be ruled out first. Diabetes mellitus: causing DKA, …

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