To memorise the branches of subclavian artery, remember the mnemonic VITamin ‘C ‘ and ‘D‘
Here VIT corresponds to branches arising from first part.
‘C’ from second part.
‘D’ from third part of subclavian artery.
So branches from from first part: of Subclavian artery are :
V – Vertebral
I – Internal thoracic artery
T – Thyrocervical trunk or Thyroscapulocervical trunk( this makes our task easy to memorize branches of this trunk)
Thyroscapulocervical – Gives rise to 3 arteries:
- Thyro –– Inferior thyroid artery
- Scapulo — suprascapular artery
- Cervical – superficial cervical artery.
So branches from from Second part of Subclavian artery are :
C – Costocervical trunk which gives rise to superior intercostal artery and deep cervical artery.
So branches from from Third part of Subclavian artery are :
D – Dorsalscapular artery.
Sometimes, instead of superficial cervical and dorsal scapular arteries arising as 2 separate arteries, there is a single branch which arises from 1st part of subclavian artery, that is Transverse cervical artery. This artery divides into superficial ascending branch and deep descending branch
Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.
Also check out these medical mnemonics.