Biochemistry

Mnemonic for diseases identified using GUTHRIE card

Remember the mnemonic GUTHRIE for the diseases identified using the Guthrie test card. Galactosemic Urine [maple syrup urine disease] Thyroid [hypothyroidism] Inborn Errors of metabolism [eg: PKU] Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics to remember Fetal decelerations …

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Mnemonic for Metabolic Changes in Alkalosis

Remember the metabolic changes in Alkalosis using the following mnemonic. “Al-K-loss, Al-Ca-loss” There is loss of K+ (hypokalemia) and Ca++ (hypocalcemia) in state of alkalosis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) causes Mnemonics …

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Kreb’s cycle (Citric Acid Cycle) : High Yield Notes with Mnemonics

Mnemonic for Enzymes and Steps in Kreb’s Cycle: Our City Is Kept Safe And Sound From Malice OxaloacetateCitrate synthase Citrate (may leave the mitochondria to enter CITRATE SHUTTLE for fatty acid synthesis)Aconitase (Aconitic acid is a dehydrated citric acid) IsocitrateIsocitrate dehydrogenase (dehydrogenated H+ added to NAD to form NADH & CO2) Major control enzyme (inhibited by …

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Mendelian Inheritance and Inheritance Patterns : High Yield Notes with Mnemonics

Some important terms related to inheritance and genetics Gene:  a functional part of the DNA molecule of a chromosome which directs the synthesis of a specific polypeptide chain. Allele (allelomorph): alternative form of a gene found at the same locus on a pair of homologous chromosomes. Homozygous: the presence of two identical alleles at a particular locus on …

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Glycogen Storage Diseases: High Yield Notes and Mnemonics

7 types of Glycogen Storage Diseases Mnemonic:VP CAM HT. This is a pretty lame mnemonic for the order of the disease but this is what I’ve used for years now. If this doesn’t work for you, try this – Very Poor Carbohydrate Affects Muscle and Hepatic Target. Type I – Von Gierke’s disease Type II – Pompe’s disease …

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Beta-oxidation of Fatty Acids : High Yield Notes and Mnemonics

Beta-oxidation of Fatty Acids is an important topic for USMLE, NEET, PLAB and medical school exams.Let us learn this important topic in this high yield article. Fatty Acid Activation (Cytoplasm) Before undergoing oxidation, fatty acid must be activated first by conversion into Acyl-CoA by the action of Fatty Acyl-CoA synthase (thiokinase). ATP is converted to AMP (not ADP) …

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Competitive, Non-competitive and Uncompetitive Inhibitors : High Yield Notes

Competitive, Non-competitive and Uncompetitive Inhibitors is an important topic for USMLE, NEET, PLAB and medical school exams.Let us learn this important topic in this high yield article. Vmax is the maximum velocity, or how fast the enzyme can go at full ‘‘speed.’’ Vmax is reached when all of the enzyme is in the enzyme–substrate complex. …

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Tyrosinemia Enzymes : Mnemonics

Tyrosinemia is an important topic for USMLE, NEET and medical school exams.Let’s learn tyrosinemia mnemonics in this high-yield article.  Tyrosinemia type I (Tyrosinosis/Hepatorenal tyrosinemia): Enzyme defect: FAH (Fumaryl-acetoacetate hydroxylase) Last enzyme in the cycle Cabbage like odor Hepatocellular carcinoma Renal tubular acidosis Peripheral neuropathy 2. Tyrosinemia type II (Oculo-cutaneous/Richner-Hanhart): Enzyme defect: TAT (Tyrosine Amido-Transferase) 1st enzyme in the cycle …

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RATE LIMITING ENZYMES OF METABOLIC REACTIONS

Rate limiting enzymes are one of the most frequently encountered Biochemistry one-liners or direct MCQs in NEET-PG and other PG entrance exams.Rate limiting enzymes are also an important topic for medical school exams. You must know the rate limiting enzymes of all the important biochemical reactions as well as the substrate and product for that …

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