ENT

Gaps in The Pharyngeal Wall and Structures Passing Through Them

The following table summarizes he gaps in the pharyngeal wall and structures passing through them. Gap Structures passingthrough them Between the base of skull andthe upper concave border ofsuperior constrictor (sinus ofMorgagni) • Auditory tube• Levator palati muscle• Ascending palatine artery• Palatine branch of theascending pharyngeal artery Between the superior andmiddle constrictors • Stylopharyngeus muscle• …

Gaps in The Pharyngeal Wall and Structures Passing Through Them Read More »

Difference Between The Eustachian Tube of Infants and Adults

The following table summarizes the differences between the eustachian tube of an infant and an adult Infant Adult Length 18 mm 36 mm Direction More or lesshorizontal (makes anangle of 10° with thehorizontal plane) Oblique, directeddownwards, forwardsand medially (makesan angle of 45° withthe horizontal plane) Angulation ofisthmus No angulation Angulation present Hope you found that …

Difference Between The Eustachian Tube of Infants and Adults Read More »

Differences between Parotid, Sub-mandibular and Sub-lingual Salivary Glands

The following table summarises the Distinguishing features of the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands. Parotid gland Submandibular gland Sublingual gland Location Near the ear Below the mandible Below the tongue Development Ectodermal Endodermal Endodermal Size Largest (25 g) Smaller (10–20 g) Smallest (3–4 g) Shape Pyramidal shaped J-shaped Almond shaped Duct and its site …

Differences between Parotid, Sub-mandibular and Sub-lingual Salivary Glands Read More »

Mnemonic to remember the Muscular Attachments of the Hyoid bon

The muscular attachments of Hyoid bone are tricky to remember. We have a super useful mnemonic to recall the muscle attachments of the hyoid bone. The first sentence is for six muscles attaching superiorly, the second sentence is for three muscles attaching inferiorly. Both sentences are in order from lateral to medial: Christopher, He Didn’t See Girls Much. That’s …

Mnemonic to remember the Muscular Attachments of the Hyoid bon Read More »

Triad of Alport Syndrome

Alport syndrome is an oculo-renal syndrome characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of hemorrhagic nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss and characteristic ocular findings. The triad of Alport syndrome is SNHL – Sensorineural deafness, Progressive kidney failure and Ocular anomalies. Remember the mnemonic KOH to remember the triad of Alport syndrome. K – Kidney : …

Triad of Alport Syndrome Read More »

Mnemonics for Causes of Tinnitus

Remember the causes of Tinnitus using the mnemonic HAMER. HAMER Hypertension, Hyperpyrexia Anemia, Aortic regurgitation, Acosite neuroma Migraine, Medication(quinine, streptomycin, salitylate) Ear pathology: Wax, foreign body, polyp, otitis media, menier’s disease, labyrinthitis, etc. Rare: fever Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out …

Mnemonics for Causes of Tinnitus Read More »

Mnemonics for Ramsay-Hunt syndrome

Remember the cause and common features of Ramsay Hunt syndrome using the mnemonic Ramsay Hunt (R-H). Etiology Reactivated Herpes zoster Complication Reduced Hearing Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency – 5D Mnemonics for Differential …

Mnemonics for Ramsay-Hunt syndrome Read More »

Mnemonic for Causes and Management of EPISTAXIS

Remember the causes of Epistaxis using the mnemonic NSAID . NSAID Nasal disorders e.g. trauma, tumor, rhinitis, sinusitis, lupus, etc. Spontaneous, Scurvy Air sickness, Arterial hypertension, Altitude high Idiopathic, Infective fever Diphtheria, Danlos syndrome, Drugs: salicylates, quinine, etc. Remember the management of Epistaxis using the mnemonic EPISTAXIS . EPISTAXIS Examine Attempt to distinguish between anterior …

Mnemonic for Causes and Management of EPISTAXIS Read More »

Mnemonics for Symptoms and Signs of Epiglottitis

Remember the Symptoms and Signs of Epiglottitis using the 5Ds. 5 D’s Distressed Drooling Dysphagia Dysphonia Dyspnea Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Branches of Subclavian Artery Mnemonic Mnemonics for Differential Diagnosis of Chronic Cough What’s the difference …

Mnemonics for Symptoms and Signs of Epiglottitis Read More »