Medicine

CARCINOGENS

carcinogen

Carcinogens are commonly asked in medical exams (be it USMLE, PLAB, NEET). Direct one-liners are asked about which carcinogen causes which cancer, and the mechanism of the carcinogenicity. More commonly though, exposure to carcinogen(s) is mentioned as a clinical clue in Clinical Vignettes, where the clue often clinches the diagnosis. Go through the following HIGH …

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VINDICATE – Medical Mnemonic for Differential Diagnoses and Etiologic causes

vindicate mnemonic

Differential diagnosis is the systematic method by which diseases of  similar presentation are distinguished by considering their common and dissimilar features. In other words, Differential diagnosis is the process of differentiating between two or more conditions which share similar signs or symptoms. On the other hand, every set of signs and symptoms can have several …

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BACTERIA AND THEIR ALTERNATE/ EPONYMOUS NAMES

bacteria, illness, virus

Several Bacteria are known by their eponymous / alternate names. These are often asked in NEET-PG and medical PG exams as direct one-liners. This table enlists all bacteria with their alternate eponymous table. Since this is pretty volatile information, do revise this table frequently.Do let us know in the comments below if we missed any …

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Kayser-Fleischer Ring

kayser fleischer ring

Introduction Kayser-Fleischer ring (K-F ring), also referred to as Fleischer-Kayser ring or Fleischer-Strumpell ring is the most common ophthalmologic manifestation of Wilson disease. KR ring is seen as a golden-brown or green-yellow, bronze or reddish-brown ring in the periphery of the cornea. It occurs due to deposition of copper granules in the cornea. The excess circulating …

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Beck’s triad

Beck triad is seen in cardiac tamponade. The three clinical signs that comprise the Beck triad are low blood pressure (weak pulse or narrow pulse pressure) muffled heart sounds raised jugular venous pressure, seen as distended neck veins Although the full triad is present only in a minority of cases of acute cardiac tamponade, presence …

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