Medicine

Mnemonics for Causes of Splenomegaly

Remember the simple mnemonic CHINA to remember the causes of Splenomegaly. Congestion/ Cellular infiltration Hematological (eg hemolytic anemia, Sickle cell) Infection/ Infarction (e.g. malaria, GF, CMV) Neoplasia (e.g. CML, lymphoma, other myeloproliferative) Autoimmune Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical …

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SEROTONIN SYNDROME MNEMONICS

Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening syndrome that is precipitated by the use of serotonergic drugs and overactivation of both the peripheral and central postsynaptic 5HT-1A and, most notably, 5HT-2A receptors. Serotonin syndrome consists of a combination of mental status changes, neuromuscular hyperactivity, and autonomic hyperactivity. Serotonin syndrome can occur via the therapeutic use of serotonergic …

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INSULIN ANALOGUES MNEMONICS

Remember the classification of Insulin analogues using this visual mnemonic. FAST-ACTING1 – Lispro2 – Aspart3 – Glulisine (APIDRA—> anagram of RAPID Acting) SHORT-ACTING4 – Regular insulin LONG-ACTING 5 – Detemir (Lemevir)6 – Glargine ULTRA-LONG-ACTING7 – Degludec INTERMEDIATE-ACTING8 – Isophane insulin Source National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=118984375,  https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/118984375 (accessed Nov. 18, 2018). Hope …

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PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS MNEMONICS

Pharmacological inhibition of gastric acid secretion is achieved most effectively with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), more correctly referred to as hydrogen-potassium ATPase inhibitors. Proton Pump Inhibitors examples (remember OLPER’s milk):OmeprazoleLansoprazolePantoprazoleEsomeprazoleRabeprazole Medical uses of Proton Pump Inhibitors imclude ( remember PhD & GERD): Peptic ulcer disease including NSAID associated ulcersHelicobacter pylori eradication therapyDyspepsiaGastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) …

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Mnemonic for Child-Pugh Classification

Remember the factors used in Child-Pugh Classification for Hepatic Disease using the mnemonic AABBC. AA BB C Ascites Albumin level Bleeding (Prothrombin Time/INR) Bilirubin level Cephalopathy (ie, encephalopathy) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics- Differential Diagnosis of …

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Mnemonic to remember the Causes of Urinary Retention

Remember the causes of Urinary Retention using the mnemonic ATONIC BLADDER. ATONIC BLADDER Atonic myelitis Transverse myelitis Obstruction to urethra, e.g. stone, stricture, etc. Neurological: multiple sclerosis, spinal cord disease Infections: UTI Compression of bladder by fibrosis/ retroverted uterus Bladder: stone, tumor Lithium Anti-cholinergic drugs Drug: sympathomimetic +Delivery – after effect Enlarged prostate Rupture of …

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Mnemonic for Crystals in Gout and Pseudogout

Remember the properties of crystals in gout and pseudogout using the following mnemonic. Gout vs. pseudo gout: crystal lab findings Pseduogout crystals are Positive birefringent and Polygon shaped. Gout therefore is the negative needle shaped crystals. Also, gout classically strikes great Toe, and its hallmark is Tophi. Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic …

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Mnemonic to remember the Extraocular Muscle Involvement in Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy

Remember the order or sequence of EOM involvement in Thyroid eye disease (TED) or Thyroid associated Orbitopathy using the mnemonic IMSLOw. I’M SLOw Mnemonic I: inferior rectus M: medial rectus S: superior rectus L: lateral rectus O: obliques muscles (superior oblique and inferior oblique) This mnemonic will help you remember that Inferior rectus is the most commonly affected EOM and first EOM …

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Mnemonic for Causes of Pulseless Electrical Activity

Pulseless electrical activity is a very serious medical emergency with very high mortality unless its etiology can be quickly ascertained and corrected.  A super useful mnemonic to remember the different causes of pulseless electrical activity is: MAD (triple H) CAT If you are a fan of WWE (well, who isn’t ?) , Triple H, one of the biggest WWE stars, …

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