Medicine

Mnemonic for Metabolic Changes in Alkalosis

Remember the metabolic changes in Alkalosis using the following mnemonic. “Al-K-loss, Al-Ca-loss” There is loss of K+ (hypokalemia) and Ca++ (hypocalcemia) in state of alkalosis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Differential Diagnosis of Acute Stridor …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Potter’s Syndrome

Remember the clinical features of Potter syndrome using the mnemonic POTTER. Pulmonary Hypoplasia Oligohydramnios Twisted Skin (Wrinkled skin) Twisted face (Facial deformities) Extremities (Limb defects) Renal agenesis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for Subdivisions of Cerebellar …

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Mnemonic for Stenson’s and Wharton’s Salivary Ducts

How to remember Stenson’s and Wharton’s Salivary Ducts ? Use the mnemonic below to remember the salivary ducts. Stenson’s – think “S” for Second molar and Smokeless tobacco (between check and gum). Logically drains the parotid gland. Wharton’s – think “W” for Wet Willie (requires finger against tongue to initiate). Logically drains the submandibular and …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Tinnitus

Remember the causes of Tinnitus using the mnemonic HAMER. HAMER Hypertension, Hyperpyrexia Anemia, Aortic regurgitation, Acosite neuroma Migraine, Medication(quinine, streptomycin, salitylate) Ear pathology: Wax, foreign body, polyp, otitis media, menier’s disease, labyrinthitis, etc. Rare: fever Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out …

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Mnemonics for Ramsay-Hunt syndrome

Remember the cause and common features of Ramsay Hunt syndrome using the mnemonic Ramsay Hunt (R-H). Etiology Reactivated Herpes zoster Complication Reduced Hearing Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Risk factors for Congenital Dislocation of Hip …

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Mnemonics for Papillary Thyroid carcinoma

Remember the clinical features of PAPILLARY Thyroid Carcinoma using the 5Ps. Clinical features: Papillae (branching) Palpable lymph nodes “Pupil” nuclei (Orphan Annie) Psammoma bodies within lesion (often) Also, has a Positive Prognosis (10 year survival rate: 98%) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also …

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Muehrcke Line

Muehrcke lines are multiple transverse white linear bands parallel to the lunula of the fingernail. They represent an apparent leukonychia as they result from an abnormality in the vasculature of the nail bed. Several conditions may trigger the hypoalbuminemia implicated in Muehrcke’s nails. Nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, liver diseases, and malnutrition are the most common, with …

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Polycythemia vera – High Yield Notes

Polycythemia vera is defined as a condition in which the hematocrit exceeds 50%. There are two causes: relative, in which plasma volume has decreased but red cell mass is preserved; or absolute, in which red cell mass is increased regardless of plasma volume. Absolute #polycythemia may be reactive, as in heavy smokers, or may indicate …

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Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis for Back Pain

Remember the differential diagnosis for Back Pain using the mnemonic DISK MASS. DISK MASS Degeneration {DJD, Osteoporosis, Spondylosis} Infection {UTI, PID, Potts, Osteo, Prostatitis} +Injury/Fracture, compression fracture Spondylitis, Ankylosing +Spondyloarthropathies {Rheumatoid, Reiters, SLE} Kidney stones/infarction/infection {Pyelonephritis /abscess} Multiple Myeloma, +Metastasis from breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, kidney CA Aneurysm – Abdominal Slipped Disk, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal Stenosis …

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