Medicine

Mnemonics for Ramsay-Hunt syndrome

Remember the cause and common features of Ramsay Hunt syndrome using the mnemonic Ramsay Hunt (R-H). Etiology Reactivated Herpes zoster Complication Reduced Hearing Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Causes of Tinnitus Phenytoin : Adverse Effects …

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Mnemonics for Papillary Thyroid carcinoma

Remember the clinical features of PAPILLARY Thyroid Carcinoma using the 5Ps. Clinical features: Papillae (branching) Palpable lymph nodes “Pupil” nuclei (Orphan Annie) Psammoma bodies within lesion (often) Also, has a Positive Prognosis (10 year survival rate: 98%) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also …

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Muehrcke Line

Muehrcke lines are multiple transverse white linear bands parallel to the lunula of the fingernail. They represent an apparent leukonychia as they result from an abnormality in the vasculature of the nail bed. Several conditions may trigger the hypoalbuminemia implicated in Muehrcke’s nails. Nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, liver diseases, and malnutrition are the most common, with …

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Polycythemia vera – High Yield Notes

Polycythemia vera is defined as a condition in which the hematocrit exceeds 50%. There are two causes: relative, in which plasma volume has decreased but red cell mass is preserved; or absolute, in which red cell mass is increased regardless of plasma volume. Absolute #polycythemia may be reactive, as in heavy smokers, or may indicate …

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Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis for Back Pain

Remember the differential diagnosis for Back Pain using the mnemonic DISK MASS. DISK MASS Degeneration {DJD, Osteoporosis, Spondylosis} Infection {UTI, PID, Potts, Osteo, Prostatitis} +Injury/Fracture, compression fracture Spondylitis, Ankylosing +Spondyloarthropathies {Rheumatoid, Reiters, SLE} Kidney stones/infarction/infection {Pyelonephritis /abscess} Multiple Myeloma, +Metastasis from breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, kidney CA Aneurysm – Abdominal Slipped Disk, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal Stenosis …

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Mnemonic for Causes and Management of EPISTAXIS

Remember the causes of Epistaxis using the mnemonic NSAID . NSAID Nasal disorders e.g. trauma, tumor, rhinitis, sinusitis, lupus, etc. Spontaneous, Scurvy Air sickness, Arterial hypertension, Altitude high Idiopathic, Infective fever Diphtheria, Danlos syndrome, Drugs: salicylates, quinine, etc. Remember the management of Epistaxis using the mnemonic EPISTAXIS . EPISTAXIS Examine Attempt to distinguish between anterior …

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Clinical Features of NEPHROTIC Syndrome Made Easy

Remember the clinical features in nephrotic syndrome by understanding the pathophysiology behind these findings. Na + water retention This occurs due to several factors, including compensatory secretion of aldosterone in response to hypovolemia mediated release of ADH. Edema Due to hypoproteinemia + Na, water retention. Edema is soft, pitting and starts in the periorbital region. …

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Mnemonic for Drugs causing Pseudotumor Cerebri

Remember the drugs causing Pseudotumor cerebri using the mnemonic Hyundai SONATA. Hypervitaminosis A Steroids OCP NAlidixic acid Tetracyline Amiodarone Read other causes of #Psedotumor_Cerebri here. Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic to remember Abdominal Pain Causes : …

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Mnemonic for Signs of Hallucinogen Intoxication

Remember the signs of Hallucinogen Intoxication using the mnemonic DISTORT. DISTORT Distorted vision Incoordination Sweating Tachycardia Opening (dilation) of the pupil Racing heart (palpitations) Tremor Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Scotty Dog sign Mnemonics- Immediate Treatment of …

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Mnemonic for Causes for Hyperprolactinemia

Remember the causes of Hyperprolactinemia using the simple mnemonic HIGH PROLACTINE. Hypothalamic and pituitary disease Idiopathic Granulomatous disease, e.g. sarcoidosis Hypothyroidism (primary) Physiological : pregnancy, nipple stimuli, stress, sleep, etc. +Pituitary tumors: prolactinomas Reserpine +Renal failure (chronic) Opiates and other drugs – metochlopramide, methyldopa, etc. Lymphocytic hypophysitis Adenomas secreting GH, ACTH, prolactine Cirrhosis of liver …

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