Mnemonics

Mnemonics to remember the Branches of Internal Carotid Artery

Two useful mnemonics to remember the branches of the internal carotid artery are A VIP’S COMMA Calming Voices Make Intra-Operative Surgery Pleasurable And Almost Memorable Mnemonics A VIP’S COMMA A: anterior choroidal artery (C7) V: Vidian artery (C2) I: inferolateral trunk (C4) P: posterior communicating artery (C7) S: superior hypophyseal artery (C6) C: caroticotympanic artery (C2) O: ophthalmic artery (C6) M: meningohypophyseal trunk (C4) M: middle cerebral artery (C7) A: anterior cerebral artery (C7) The last two branches …

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Mnemonic to remember the causes of Multiple Benign Lucent Bone Lesions

Some of the causes of multiple benign lucent bone lesions can be recalled with the following two super-helpful mnemonics: Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City CHEF JOHN P Mnemonics Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City N: neurofibromatosis (type 1) P: Paget disease O: Ollier disease H: hereditary multiple exostoses H: hyperparathyroidism (and hemophilia)  E: eosinophilic granuloma F: fibrous dysplasia J: Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome …

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Mnemonic for Tumors that Metastasize to Bone

Tumors that metastasize to bone may be remembered using the mnemonic “lead kettle” spelled PBKTL (“Pb” from the Latin plumbum which is the periodic table name for Lead). PB-KTL Mnemonic P: prostate B: breast K: kidney T: thyroid L: lung For females, breast and lung are the most common primary sites; nearly 80% of cancers that spread to the skeleton are from these locations. …

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Mnemonic to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fracture-dislocations

There are several mnemonics to remember the difference between  Galeazzi and a Monteggia fracture-dislocation. These two are often confused by medical students and therefore, frequently asked in competitive exams like USMLE PLAB and NEET. Here, in this article, I have enlisted some of these mnemonics that can be used to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fractures. GRIMUS MUGR (pronounced as mugger) FROG …

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Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis of Lucent and Lytic bone lesions

We have two super useful mnemonics for the differential diagnosis of lucent/lytic bone lesions : FEGNOMASHIC FOG MACHINES They are anagrams of each other and therefore include the same components. They are by no means exhaustive, but are good enough to help you remember a differential for a lucent/lytic bone lesion and will suffice for >95% of the time 1. Mnemonics FEGNOMASHIC …

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Mnemonic for Hyperintense Lesions on T1-weighted images

Remember the causes of Hyperintensity on T1 weighted MRI using the mnemonic My Best Friend is Pretty Cool Another useful way to remember the T1 Hyperintense Lesions is the mnemonic 3 Fs and 4 Ms Mnemonic My Best Friend is Pretty Cool: M: melanin B: blood (i.e. methemoglobin in subacute hemorrhage) F: fat and slow flow P: protein; paramagnetic substances …

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Mnemonic for Superior Orbital Fissure Contents

Superior Orbital Fissure is an important topic for Ophthalmalogy exams as well as competitive exams like USMLE, PLAB and NEET. We have some useful mnemonics to remember the contents of SOF. Mnemonic for all structures passing through the superior orbital fissure (superior to inferior) include: Long Fissures Seem To Store Only Nerves, Instead Of Arteries, Including Ophthalmic Veins Mnemonics for the nerves passing …

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Mnemonic to remember the Extraocular Muscle Involvement in Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy

Remember the order or sequence of EOM involvement in Thyroid eye disease (TED) or Thyroid associated Orbitopathy using the mnemonic IMSLOw. I’M SLOw Mnemonic I: inferior rectus M: medial rectus S: superior rectus L: lateral rectus O: obliques muscles (superior oblique and inferior oblique) This mnemonic will help you remember that Inferior rectus is the most commonly affected EOM and first EOM …

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Mnemonic for Branches of Maxillary Artery

Arterial branches are tough to remember. Volatile stuff. Use this mnemonic to remember the branches of the maxillary artery – DAM I AM Piss Drunk But Stupid Drunk I Prefer, Must Phone Alcoholics Anonymous Mnemonic D: deep auricular artery A: anterior tympanic artery M: middle meningeal artery I: inferior alveolar artery A: accessory meningeal artery M: masseteric artery P: pterygoid artery D: deep temporal artery B: buccinator artery …

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