Ophthalmology

Triad of Alport Syndrome

Alport syndrome is an oculo-renal syndrome characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of hemorrhagic nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss and characteristic ocular findings. The triad of Alport syndrome is SNHL – Sensorineural deafness, Progressive kidney failure and Ocular anomalies. Remember the mnemonic KOH to remember the triad of Alport syndrome. K – Kidney : …

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Mnemonics for Clinical Features of Reiter Syndrome

Remember the clinical features of Reiter syndrome using the mnemonic PICK GUN. Planter Fascitis Inflamed Joints Conjunctivitis, Circinate Balanitis Keratoderma Blenorrhagia Gum ulceration Urethritis Nail Dystrophy Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for Ocular Structures derived from …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Proptosis

Proptosis (rare plural: proptoses) refers to forward protrusion of the globe with respect to the orbit. There are many causes of proptosis which can be divided according to location and it is worth remembering that it is not just orbital disease processes that cause proptosis Remember the main causes of Proptosis using the mnemonic THE-I (pronouned THE-EYE). THE I (I~eye) …

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Direct and Indirect Ophthalmoscopy

direct ophthalmoscopy versus indirect ophthalmoscopy

Ophthalmoscopy or Fundoscopy is the visualisation of the retina or fundus. Direct Ophthalmoscope A direct ophthalmoscope is a device that produces an unreversed or upright image of around 15 times magnification. The direct ophthalmoscope is a critical tool used to inspect the back portion of the interior eyeball, which is called the fundus. Examination is usually best …

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Mnemonics- Uniocular Diplopia Differentials

Remember the differential of Uniocular Diplopia using the mnemonic ABCD. ABCD Astigmatism Behavioral (psychogenic) Corneal causes (scars, keratoconus) +Cataract Dislocated lens +Double pupil +Dry eye Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Post-partum hemorrhage (PPH) causes Starry-Sky …

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