Ophthalmology

Mnemonic for Superior Orbital Fissure Contents

Superior Orbital Fissure is an important topic for Ophthalmalogy exams as well as competitive exams like USMLE, PLAB and NEET. We have some useful mnemonics to remember the contents of SOF. Mnemonic for all structures passing through the superior orbital fissure (superior to inferior) include: Long Fissures Seem To Store Only Nerves, Instead Of Arteries, Including Ophthalmic Veins Mnemonics for the nerves passing …

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Mnemonic to remember the Extraocular Muscle Involvement in Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy

Remember the order or sequence of EOM involvement in Thyroid eye disease (TED) or Thyroid associated Orbitopathy using the mnemonic IMSLOw. I’M SLOw Mnemonic I: inferior rectus M: medial rectus S: superior rectus L: lateral rectus O: obliques muscles (superior oblique and inferior oblique) This mnemonic will help you remember that Inferior rectus is the most commonly affected EOM and first EOM …

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Triad of Alport Syndrome

Alport syndrome is an oculo-renal syndrome characterized by a triad of clinical findings consisting of hemorrhagic nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss and characteristic ocular findings. The triad of Alport syndrome is SNHL – Sensorineural deafness, Progressive kidney failure and Ocular anomalies. Remember the mnemonic KOH to remember the triad of Alport syndrome. K – Kidney : …

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Mnemonics for Clinical Features of Reiter Syndrome

Remember the clinical features of Reiter syndrome using the mnemonic PICK GUN. Planter Fascitis Inflamed Joints Conjunctivitis, Circinate Balanitis Keratoderma Blenorrhagia Gum ulceration Urethritis Nail Dystrophy Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Causes of Aortic Insufficiency …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Proptosis

Proptosis (rare plural: proptoses) refers to forward protrusion of the globe with respect to the orbit. There are many causes of proptosis which can be divided according to location and it is worth remembering that it is not just orbital disease processes that cause proptosis Remember the main causes of Proptosis using the mnemonic THE-I (pronouned THE-EYE). THE I (I~eye) …

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Direct and Indirect Ophthalmoscopy

direct ophthalmoscopy versus indirect ophthalmoscopy

Ophthalmoscopy or Fundoscopy is the visualisation of the retina or fundus. Direct Ophthalmoscope A direct ophthalmoscope is a device that produces an unreversed or upright image of around 15 times magnification. The direct ophthalmoscope is a critical tool used to inspect the back portion of the interior eyeball, which is called the fundus. Examination is usually best …

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Mnemonics- Uniocular Diplopia Differentials

Remember the differential of Uniocular Diplopia using the mnemonic ABCD. ABCD Astigmatism Behavioral (psychogenic) Corneal causes (scars, keratoconus) +Cataract Dislocated lens +Double pupil +Dry eye Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for Causes of Aplastic Anemia Mendelian …

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Differences between Superficial and Deep Corneal Vascularization

How to differentiate between Superficial and Deep Corneal Vascularization during slit lamp examination ? MORE OPHTHALMOLOGY POSTS Mnemonic for Superior Orbital Fissure Contents Mnemonic to remember the Extraocular Muscle Involvement in Thyroid-associated Orbitopathy Triad of Alport Syndrome Mnemonics for Clinical Features of Reiter Syndrome Mnemonics for Caloric Testing in Nystagmus Mnemonics for Causes of Proptosis