Orthopaedics

Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis for Back Pain

Remember the differential diagnosis for Back Pain using the mnemonic DISK MASS. DISK MASS Degeneration {DJD, Osteoporosis, Spondylosis} Infection {UTI, PID, Potts, Osteo, Prostatitis} +Injury/Fracture, compression fracture Spondylitis, Ankylosing +Spondyloarthropathies {Rheumatoid, Reiters, SLE} Kidney stones/infarction/infection {Pyelonephritis /abscess} Multiple Myeloma, +Metastasis from breast, prostate, lung, thyroid, kidney CA Aneurysm – Abdominal Slipped Disk, Spondylolisthesis, Spinal Stenosis …

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Mnemonic for HLA B27 associated diseases

HLA B27 associated diseases can be remembered using the mnemonic PAIR. Psoriasis/Psoriatic arthritis Ankylosing Spondylitis Inflammatory bowel disease Reiter’s syndrome Another useful mnemonic to remember the subgroups of seronegative spondyloarthritides is: PEARU Mnemonic P: psoriatic arthritis E: enteropathic arthritis (i.e. extraintestinal manifestation of IBD) A: ankylosing spondylitis R: reactive arthritis (Reiter syndrome) U: undifferentiated spondyloarthritis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us …

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Mnemonics for Hand appearances in Nerve lesions

Confused about which nerve lesions cause which hand deformity ?Use the mnemonic DR CUMA to remember hand appearances in Radial, Ulnar and Median nerve lesions. Drop → Radial nerve Claw → Ulnar nerve Median nerve → Ape hand Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments …

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Mnemonics for Osteoarthritis Radiologic signs

Remember the X-ray radiologic signs in osteoarthritis using the mnemonic LOSS. Loss of joint space Osteopyhtes Subcondral Sclerosis Subchondral cysts Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Carpal Bones Ossification : Mnemonic Mnemonics for Risk factors for Congenital Dislocation …

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Mnemonics for Site of origin of Bone Tumors

Remember the Site of origin of Bone Tumors using the mnemonic GEOMED. Giant cell tumor → Epiphysis Osteosarcoma → Metaphysis Ewings tumor → Diaphysis Another mnemonic that can be used to remember the Site of origin of Bone Tumours is DEMO ECG. Diaphysis → Ewing’s sarcoma Metaphysis → Osteosarcoma, Osteochondroma Epiphysis → Codman tumor, Chondrosarcoma …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Posterior shoulder dislocation

Remember the causes of posterior shoulder dislocation using the 3 E’s Epileptic seizure Ethanol intoxication Electrical injury IMAGING Explanation There is the “lightbulb sign” in fact the head of the humerus is in the same axis as the shaft producing a lightbulb shape. Is associated with the “trough sign”, a vertical line made by the …

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Mnemonics to remember Inguinal Canal Walls

Remember the inguinal canal walls using the menmonic MALT*2 MALT × 2 Roof → 2M; 2 Muscles (internal oblique, transversus abdominis) Ant. wall → 2A; 2 Aponeuroses (external and internal oblique) Floor → 2L; 2 Ligaments (inguinal and lacunar) Post. wall → 2T; Transversalis fascia, conjoint Tendon Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic …

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Mnemonics for Risk factors for Congenital Dislocation of Hip (CDH)

Remember the risk factors for Congenital Hip Disclocationusing the 6Fs 6 ‘F’s First born Female Foot presentation (breech) Family history Fluid deficiency (oligohydramnios) Fat (large child) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Kreb’s cycle (Citric Acid Cycle) : …

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Mnemonics- Superior Extremity Motor Nerve Exam

“Thumbs Up” → PIN (Radial Nerve) “OK Sign” → AIN (Median Nerve) “Spread Fingers” → Ulnar Nerve Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for common causes of Pneumothorax Mnemonics- Immediate Treatment of Acute Myocardial Infarction Mnemonic to …

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