Paediatrics

Mnemonics for Viral Hepatitis Clinical Features

Remember the clinical features of Viral Hepatitis using these mnemonics. A and E types are fecal-oral, on the ends like the mouth/anus of the GI tract HAV → Asymptomatic (usually, but can cause jaundice in some cases), Acute, Alone (no carriers) HBV → Blood borne; the cousin of HCV, as both predispose to chronic active …

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Mnemonics – Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndromes type 1 and 2

Remember AUTOIMMUNE POLYENDOCRINE SYNDROMES using the mnemonics Type 1 AUTOIMMUNE POLYENDOCRINE SYNDROME or Blizzard’s Syndrome Add PC Addison’s disease HypoParathyroidism Chronic mucocutaneous Candidiasis Type 2 AUTOIMMUNE POLYENDOCRINE SYNDROME or Schmidt’s syndrome Add IT Addison’s disease Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus Thyroid disease Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know …

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Mnemonics- Differential Diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Disease

Remember the differential diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Disease using the mnemonics FASSTEN and BAD RASH. UPPER lung disease FASSTEN Farmer’s lung (hypersensitivity pneumonitis) Ankylosing spondylitis Sarcoidosis Silicosis TB Eosinophilic granuloma (Langerhans cell histiocytosis) Neurofibromatosis LOWER lung disease BAD RASH BOOP Asbestos Drugs (nitrofurantoin, hydralazine, isoniazid, amiodarone, many chemotherapy drugs) Rheumatological disease Aspiration Scleroderma Hamman Rich …

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Mnemonics- Indication of Splenectomy

Remember the indications of splenectomy using the mnemonic SHIRTS. SHIRTS Splenomegaly +Splenic abscess Hereditary spherocytosis Immune thrombocytopenic purpura Rupture of spleen Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura Splenic vein thrombosis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics

Mnemonics for features of Turner syndrome

Remember the features of Turner Syndrome using the mnemonic ELECTION. Eye problems → ptosis, amblyopia, cataract Ear infections and hearing loss Lymphedema Low hair line Liver disorder Elbow deformity → cubitus valgus Cardiac abnormalities → Bicuspid aortic valve and Cortication Thyroid disorder → hypothyroidism Increased weight and BP Ovaries dysgenesis → infertility, amenorrhea Nipples → …

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Kayser-Fleischer Ring

kayser fleischer ring

Introduction Kayser-Fleischer ring (K-F ring), also referred to as Fleischer-Kayser ring or Fleischer-Strumpell ring is the most common ophthalmologic manifestation of Wilson disease. KR ring is seen as a golden-brown or green-yellow, bronze or reddish-brown ring in the periphery of the cornea. It occurs due to deposition of copper granules in the cornea. The excess circulating …

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