Paediatrics

HERO Mnemonic for Middle adolescence characteristics  

Remember the mnemonic HERO for the characteristics of MIDDLE ADOLESCENCE (age 14-17 years) Heterosexual/Homosexual crushes Education regarding short-term benefits Risk-taking Omnipotence Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these useful medical mnemonics. More Mnemonics to make your life easier 🙂 Mnemonics for …

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Mnemonics for Causes of Splenomegaly

Remember the simple mnemonic CHINA to remember the causes of Splenomegaly. Congestion/ Cellular infiltration Hematological (eg hemolytic anemia, Sickle cell) Infection/ Infarction (e.g. malaria, GF, CMV) Neoplasia (e.g. CML, lymphoma, other myeloproliferative) Autoimmune Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Potter’s Syndrome

Remember the clinical features of Potter syndrome using the mnemonic POTTER. Pulmonary Hypoplasia Oligohydramnios Twisted Skin (Wrinkled skin) Twisted face (Facial deformities) Extremities (Limb defects) Renal agenesis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Clinical Features of …

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Polycythemia vera – High Yield Notes

Polycythemia vera is defined as a condition in which the hematocrit exceeds 50%. There are two causes: relative, in which plasma volume has decreased but red cell mass is preserved; or absolute, in which red cell mass is increased regardless of plasma volume. Absolute #polycythemia may be reactive, as in heavy smokers, or may indicate …

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Clinical Features of NEPHROTIC Syndrome Made Easy

Remember the clinical features in nephrotic syndrome by understanding the pathophysiology behind these findings. Na + water retention This occurs due to several factors, including compensatory secretion of aldosterone in response to hypovolemia mediated release of ADH. Edema Due to hypoproteinemia + Na, water retention. Edema is soft, pitting and starts in the periorbital region. …

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Mnemonics for Clinical Features of Fabry’s disease

Remember the clinical features of Fabry’s disease using the mnemonic FABRY’S. FABRY’S Foam cells in glomeruli/ Febrile episodes Alpha galactosidase A deficiency/ Angiokeratomas Burning pain in extremities/ Boys/ BUN increased in serum Renal failure YX phenotype (male, X linked recessive) Sphingolipidoses Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Tuberous Sclerosis

Tuberous Sclerosis is an autosomal dominant neurological disorder characterized by the grown of benign tumors in the brain and other organs. Tuberous Sclerosis is caused by mutations of tumor suppressor genes, including Hamartin (TSC1) on chromosome 9, and Tuberin (TSC2) on chromosome 16 tumor suppressor gene. These mutations cause the development of hamartomas in various organs. Clinical features include skin findings like angiofibromas, shagreen …

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Mnemonics to remember Fetal decelerations

Fetal decelerations is an important topic in obstetrics. Use these mnemonics to remember this important topic. Early deceleration Early deceleration → heads compression ‼️ what comes out first/early during delivery → HEAD Late deceleration Late deceleration → placentals insufficiency ‼️ what comes last/late during delivery → PLACENTA Variable deceleration → cord compression/prolapse ‼️ what comes …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Friedreich’s Ataxia

Remember the causes of Friedreich’s ataxia using the mnemonic FRIEDREICHS. FRIEDREICH’S Frequent falls(Ataxia), Foot deformity Recessive Iron accumulation in mitochondria Extensor plantar response Dorsal column, Diabetes , Dysarthria Reflexes(DTR) lost ,Repeat of trinucleotide Eyes moves (nystagmus) Incoordination Cerebellar involvement Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Scoliosis, Staggering gait Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? …

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Mnemonics to remember the causes of Failure to Thrive (FTT)

Remember causes of Failure to Thrive (FTT) using the simple medical mnemonic SMALL KID. SMALL KID Subcutaneous fat loss Muscle atrophy Alopecia Lethargy Lagging behind normal Kwashiorkor Infection (recurrent) Dermatitis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics to …

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