Pathology

Mnemonic for Peptic Ulcer Disease association with food intake

Use the simple mnemonic to remember the association of pain in Peptic ulcer disease with food intake. Gastric ulcer pain = Greater with food Duodenal ulcer pain = Decreases with food Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic …

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Mnemonic to remember function of PGI2 and TxA2 in Coagulation

Remember this visual mnemonic to remember the function of PGI2 and Thromboxane A2 in coagulation. TxA2 → Aggregates platelets. PGI2 → Inhibits aggregation. Note: full name of PGI2 is prostaglandin I2 or prostacyclin, full name of TxA2 is thromboxane A2. Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in …

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Mnemonic for Clinical Features of Potter’s Syndrome

Remember the clinical features of Potter syndrome using the mnemonic POTTER. Pulmonary Hypoplasia Oligohydramnios Twisted Skin (Wrinkled skin) Twisted face (Facial deformities) Extremities (Limb defects) Renal agenesis Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics- Immediate Treatment of Acute …

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Mnemonics for Papillary Thyroid carcinoma

Remember the clinical features of PAPILLARY Thyroid Carcinoma using the 5Ps. Clinical features: Papillae (branching) Palpable lymph nodes “Pupil” nuclei (Orphan Annie) Psammoma bodies within lesion (often) Also, has a Positive Prognosis (10 year survival rate: 98%) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also …

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Polycythemia vera – High Yield Notes

Polycythemia vera is defined as a condition in which the hematocrit exceeds 50%. There are two causes: relative, in which plasma volume has decreased but red cell mass is preserved; or absolute, in which red cell mass is increased regardless of plasma volume. Absolute #polycythemia may be reactive, as in heavy smokers, or may indicate …

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Clinical Features of NEPHROTIC Syndrome Made Easy

Remember the clinical features in nephrotic syndrome by understanding the pathophysiology behind these findings. Na + water retention This occurs due to several factors, including compensatory secretion of aldosterone in response to hypovolemia mediated release of ADH. Edema Due to hypoproteinemia + Na, water retention. Edema is soft, pitting and starts in the periorbital region. …

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Mnemonics for Genetic Causes of Deep Venous Thrombosis(DVT)

Remember the genetic causes of deep venous thrombosis(DVT) using the simple mnemonic ALASCA. ALASCA Antithrombin III Leiden (Factor V) APC (Activated Protein C) S-protein deficiency C-protein deficiency Antiphospholipid antibody Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Beta-oxidation of Fatty …

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Mnemonics for Indications for surgery in Endocarditis

Remember the indications for surgery in endocarditis using the mnemonic PUS RIVER. PUS RIVER Prosthetic valve endocarditis (most cases) Uncontrolled infection Supporative local complications with conduction abnormalities Resection of mycotic aneurysm Ineffective antimicrobial therapy (eg Vs fungi) Valvular damage (significant) Embolization (repeated systemic) Refractory congestive heart failure Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic …

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Mnemonic for Secondary Causes of Hypertension

Remember the Secondary Causes of Hypertension using the mnemonic RENALS. Renal → glomerulonephritis, renal artery stenosis) Endocrine → Cushing’s disease, Conn’s syndrome, pheochromocytoma, acromegaly, corticosteroids, oral contraceptive pill) Neurogenic → raised intracranial pressure Aortic coarctation Little people → pregnancy-induced hypertension) Stress → trauma, white coat hypertension Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for …

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Mnemonic for causes of Headache

Remember the causes of Headache using the mnemonic SHADMEHR. SHADMEHR Sinus thrombosis (venous), Sinusitis, Stroke, SAH Hydrocephalus Arteritis (temporal, lupus), Angle-closure glucoma Dissection, Drugs (opiate rebound headache, steroid withrawal and oral convaceptives) Mass, Medication overuse Encephalitis and meningitis Headache, primary(migraine, cluster, tension & Hemicrania continua) Raised ICP The HEADACHe mnemonic can help you remember these red flags! …

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