Pharmacology

Ventricular Tachycardia Treatment Mnemonic

Remember the drugs used to treat ventricular tachycardia using the mnemonic LAMB. LAMB: Lidocaine Amiodarone Mexiltene/ Magnesium Beta-blocker Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these useful medical mnemonics. More Mnemonics to make your life easier 🙂 Mnemonics for Differential Diagnosis of …

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SULFONAMIDES MNEMONICS

We have two good mnemonics for properties of Sulfonamides and their clinical side effects. Remember the mnemonic SULFA for the basic characteristics as well as side effects of sulphonamides. Basic characteristics (remember SULFA): Solubility lowUseful  for Urinary tract infectionsLarge spectrum (active against gram positive and gram negativebacteria)Folic acid synthesis blocker ( DHPS inhibitor)Antimetabolite /Analog of PABA …

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SEROTONIN SYNDROME MNEMONICS

Serotonin syndrome is a potentially life-threatening syndrome that is precipitated by the use of serotonergic drugs and overactivation of both the peripheral and central postsynaptic 5HT-1A and, most notably, 5HT-2A receptors. Serotonin syndrome consists of a combination of mental status changes, neuromuscular hyperactivity, and autonomic hyperactivity. Serotonin syndrome can occur via the therapeutic use of serotonergic …

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INSULIN ANALOGUES MNEMONICS

Remember the classification of Insulin analogues using this visual mnemonic. FAST-ACTING1 – Lispro2 – Aspart3 – Glulisine (APIDRA—> anagram of RAPID Acting) SHORT-ACTING4 – Regular insulin LONG-ACTING 5 – Detemir (Lemevir)6 – Glargine ULTRA-LONG-ACTING7 – Degludec INTERMEDIATE-ACTING8 – Isophane insulin Source National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Compound Database; CID=118984375,  https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/118984375 (accessed Nov. 18, 2018). Hope …

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TETRACYCLINES MNEMONICS

Tetracyclines act by blocking protein synthesis inside the microbe. Remember the antibiotics which act by protein synthesis inhibition using the mnemonic AT-30 CEL-50. Protein synthesis inhibitors: remember AT-30 CELL-50AminoglycosidesTetracyclinesChloramphenicolErythromycin (macrolides)Linezolid Remember the clinical uses of tetracyclines using the mnemonic BBC MARVEL. Tetracyclines uses include: Remeber BBC MARVELBorrelia BurgdorferiChlamydiaMycoplasma pneumoniaeAcneRickettsiaVibrio choleraeLyme disease (Borrelia Burgdorferi) We have one …

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BACTERICIDAL and BACTERIOSTATIC ANTIBIOTICS MNEMONICS

Bacteriostatic antibiotics prevent the growth of bacteria (i.e., it keeps them in the stationary phase of growth), while bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria. The classification of bacteriostatic and bactericidal antibiotics is frequently asked in USMLE, PLAB, NEXT and other medical exams. Remember the bactericidal antibiotics with the mnemonic BANG Q RIP. Bactericidal antibiotics: remember “BANG Q …

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Mnemonics to remember NSAIDS

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and diclofanac are the most commonly prescribed drugs for arthritis, inflammation, and cardiovascular protection. However, they cause gastrointestinal complications such as ulcers and erosions. The pathophysiology of these complications has mostly been ascribed to NSAID’s action on the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition and the subsequent prostaglandin (PG) deficiency. NSAIDs …

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Mnemonics to remember Classification of Benzodiazepines

We have several super useful mnemonics to help you remember Benzodiazepines and their classification. Short acting Benzodiazepines have half-life values less than  5 hours. Remember the mnemonic ATOM for short acting Benzodiazepines. AlprazolamTriazolamOxazepamMidazolam Intermediate acting Benzodiazepines have half-life values from 5-24 hours. Remember the mnemonic TLC for intermediate acting benzodiazepines. (Note TLC = Thin Layer Chromatography) …

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PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS MNEMONICS

Pharmacological inhibition of gastric acid secretion is achieved most effectively with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), more correctly referred to as hydrogen-potassium ATPase inhibitors. Proton Pump Inhibitors examples (remember OLPER’s milk):OmeprazoleLansoprazolePantoprazoleEsomeprazoleRabeprazole Medical uses of Proton Pump Inhibitors imclude ( remember PhD & GERD): Peptic ulcer disease including NSAID associated ulcersHelicobacter pylori eradication therapyDyspepsiaGastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) …

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