Physiology

Differences between Locking and Unlocking of Knee

The following table summarises the differences between locking and unlocking of the knee joint. Locking of the knee joint Unlocking of the knee joint Medial rotation of thefemur on tibia duringterminal phase of extension Lateral rotation of thefemur on tibia during initialphase of the flexion It is brought about byquadriceps femoris It is brought about …

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Hormones secreted by different parts of Pituitary

The following table summarises the difference between Hormones secreted by different parts of Pituitary / adeno hypophysis Part Cell types/nuclei Hormones secreted Parsanterior Acidophil cells I. Growth hormoneII. Prolactin Basophil cells I. AdrenocorticotrophichormoneII. Thyrotrophic hormoneIII. Gonadotrophichormone Parsintermedia Melanocyte stimulatinghormone Parsposterior Supraoptic nucleusof hypothalamusParaventricularnucleus ofhypothalamus Vasopressin or antidiuretichormoneOxytocin Hope you found that article useful. We are …

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Mnemonic for Dysthymia Diagnosis

Remember the clinical features and diagnostic criteria for Dysthymia using the mnemonic HE’S 2 SAD. HE’S 2 SAD Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for HLA B27 associated diseases Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis of BRONCHIECASIS What’s the …

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Differences between Parotid, Sub-mandibular and Sub-lingual Salivary Glands

The following table summarises the Distinguishing features of the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands. Parotid gland Submandibular gland Sublingual gland Location Near the ear Below the mandible Below the tongue Development Ectodermal Endodermal Endodermal Size Largest (25 g) Smaller (10–20 g) Smallest (3–4 g) Shape Pyramidal shaped J-shaped Almond shaped Duct and its site …

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Divisions and Subdivisions of The Diencephalon

The following table summarises the Divisions and subdivisions of the diencephalon. Divisions Subdivisions Pars dorsalis • Thalamus (dorsal thalamus) • Metathalamus Medial and lateralgeniculate bodies • Epithalamus Pineal gland, habenularnuclei and commissure,and posterior commissure Pars ventralis • Subthalamus (ventralthalamus) Subthalamic nucleusand zona inserta • Hypothalamus Hope you found that article useful. We are glad you …

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Parts of Brain And Their Cavities/Ventricles

There are four ventricles or cavities in the human central nervous system. The table below summarizes the part of the brain and what the respective ventricle is called. Do memorize this table by heart. Part of Brain Cavity Cerebrum (right and leftcerebral hemispheres) Right and left lateralventricles Diencephalon (thalamusand hypothalamus) Third ventricle Midbrain Cerebral aqueduct …

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Branches of Main Arteries of The Brain – High Yield Table

Arterial circulation of brain is an important topic frequently asked in medical school exam and competitive exams like USMLE, PLAB and NEXT. The following table summarizes the branches of the main arteries of the brain. Bookmark this post or note down this table. Revision is key to remembering this. Cerebral part of internal carotid artery …

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Mnemonics for MAO isoenzyme Locations

Remember the location and distribution of MAO enzymes – MAO-A and MAO-B using this simplified mnemonic. MAO-A Adrenergic peripheral structures Alimentary mucosa [intestine] MAO-B Brain Blood platelets Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonic for Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency – …

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Competitive, Non-competitive and Uncompetitive Inhibitors : High Yield Notes

Competitive, Non-competitive and Uncompetitive Inhibitors is an important topic for USMLE, NEET, PLAB and medical school exams.Let us learn this important topic in this high yield article. Vmax is the maximum velocity, or how fast the enzyme can go at full ‘‘speed.’’ Vmax is reached when all of the enzyme is in the enzyme–substrate complex. …

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