Radiology

Mnemonic for Unilateral Hyperlucent Hemithorax

Three useful Mnemonics to help you remember the causes for a unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax are CRAWLS SAFE POEM ACROSSS Mnemonics CRAWLS C: contralateral lung increased density, e.g. supine pleural effusion R: rotation A: air, e.g. pneumothorax W: wall, e.g. chest wall mass, mastectomy, polio, Poland syndrome, surgical removal of the pectoralis major muscle L: lungs, e.g. airway obstruction, emphysema, Swyer-James syndrome, unilateral large bullae, large pulmonary embolus S: scoliosis Another useful mnemonic for causes of hyperlucent …

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Von-Hippel Lindau disease

Remember the main features of Von-Hippel Lindau disease using the mnemonic HIPPEL Haemangioblastoma Increased risk of RCC Phaeochromocytoma Pancreatic lesions (cysts, cystadenomas, cystadenocarcinomas) Eye dysfunction (retinal hemangioblastomas) Liver, renal and pancreatic cysts Hope you found that useful! More medical mnemonics can be found below! 🙂 More Medical Mnemonics Ventricular Tachycardia Treatment Mnemonic Femoral Triangle Boundaries …

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Mnemonic for Causes of Eggshell Calcification in Thorax and Mediastinum

Eggshell calcification causes are numerous and quite difficult to memorize. This is frequently asked in medical school exams. A super helpful mnemonic to remember the major causes of eggshell calcification of the nodes in the thorax and mediastinum are:  A Silly Cool Sergeant Likes His Tubercular Blast Sally Smith Likes Her Smart ABC Mnemonic Mnemonic A Silly Cool Sergeant Likes His …

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Mnemonic to remember the Segmental Bronchi of the Right Lower Lobe

The anatomy of the segmental bronchi of the right lower lobe can be remembered by using one of these two mnemonics. The segments are as follows: SMALL P  Sometimes My Animals Love Petting Mnemonics S: superior (B6)  M: medial basal (B7) A: anterior basal (B8) L: lateral basal (B9) P: posterior basal (B10) Hope those two mnemonics helped. Also, check out more …

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Mnemonic to remember the causes of Multiple Benign Lucent Bone Lesions

Some of the causes of multiple benign lucent bone lesions can be recalled with the following two super-helpful mnemonics: Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City CHEF JOHN P Mnemonics Never Pee On Huge Heavy Elephants From Jersey City N: neurofibromatosis (type 1) P: Paget disease O: Ollier disease H: hereditary multiple exostoses H: hyperparathyroidism (and hemophilia)  E: eosinophilic granuloma F: fibrous dysplasia J: Jaffe-Campanacci syndrome …

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Mnemonic for Tumors that Metastasize to Bone

Tumors that metastasize to bone may be remembered using the mnemonic “lead kettle” spelled PBKTL (“Pb” from the Latin plumbum which is the periodic table name for Lead). PB-KTL Mnemonic P: prostate B: breast K: kidney T: thyroid L: lung For females, breast and lung are the most common primary sites; nearly 80% of cancers that spread to the skeleton are from these locations. …

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Mnemonic to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fracture-dislocations

There are several mnemonics to remember the difference between  Galeazzi and a Monteggia fracture-dislocation. These two are often confused by medical students and therefore, frequently asked in competitive exams like USMLE PLAB and NEET. Here, in this article, I have enlisted some of these mnemonics that can be used to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fractures. GRIMUS MUGR (pronounced as mugger) FROG …

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Mnemonic for Differential Diagnosis of Lucent and Lytic bone lesions

We have two super useful mnemonics for the differential diagnosis of lucent/lytic bone lesions : FEGNOMASHIC FOG MACHINES They are anagrams of each other and therefore include the same components. They are by no means exhaustive, but are good enough to help you remember a differential for a lucent/lytic bone lesion and will suffice for >95% of the time 1. Mnemonics FEGNOMASHIC …

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Mnemonic for Hyperintense Lesions on T1-weighted images

Remember the causes of Hyperintensity on T1 weighted MRI using the mnemonic My Best Friend is Pretty Cool Another useful way to remember the T1 Hyperintense Lesions is the mnemonic 3 Fs and 4 Ms Mnemonic My Best Friend is Pretty Cool: M: melanin B: blood (i.e. methemoglobin in subacute hemorrhage) F: fat and slow flow P: protein; paramagnetic substances …

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