Surgery

Mnemonic for branches of Celiac trunk

Remember the useful mnemonic LHS to memorize the branches of Coeliac trunk. Left Hand Side (LHS): Left gastric artery Hepatic artery Splenic artery Hope that mnemonic helped. You can find more useful medical mnemonics here. Ventricular Tachycardia Treatment Mnemonic Femoral Triangle Boundaries Mnemonic Branches of Trigeminal Nerve pass through which Foramen? Easy Mnemonic HERO Mnemonic for Middle …

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Coverings of Direct and Indirect Inguinal Hernias

The following table enlists the Coverings of the Direct and Indirect inguinal hernias. Indirect inguinal hernia Direct inguinal hernia • Extraperitoneal tissue• Internal spermatic fascia• Cremasteric fascia• External spermatic fascia• Skin • Extraperitoneal tissue• Fascia transversalis• Conjoint tendon (in medial direct hernia)• Cremaster fascia (in lateral direct hernia)• External spermatic fascia• Skin Hope you found …

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Structures passing through Superficial and Deep Inguinal Rings

The following table summarizes the Structures passing through the Superficial and Deep Inguinal Rings. Deep inguinal ring In male In female • Ductus deferens and its artery• Testicular artery and theaccompanying veins• Obliterated remains ofprocessus vaginalis• Genital branch ofgenitofemoral nerve• Autonomic nerves andlymphatics • Round ligament of uterus• Obliterated remains ofprocessus vaginalis• Lymphatics from theuterus …

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Differences between Parotid, Sub-mandibular and Sub-lingual Salivary Glands

The following table summarises the Distinguishing features of the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual salivary glands. Parotid gland Submandibular gland Sublingual gland Location Near the ear Below the mandible Below the tongue Development Ectodermal Endodermal Endodermal Size Largest (25 g) Smaller (10–20 g) Smallest (3–4 g) Shape Pyramidal shaped J-shaped Almond shaped Duct and its site …

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Summary of Thenar and Hypothenar Muscles of Hand

The following table summarises the Origin, insertion, and actions of the thenar and hypothenar muscles of Hand. Muscles Origin Insertion Action Thenar muscles Abductor pollicis brevis • Tubercle of scaphoid• Crest of trapezium• Flexor retinaculum Lateral side of base of the proximalphalanx of thumb Abduction of thumb Flexor pollicis brevis • Superficial head from thedistal …

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Structures passing through Extensor Retinaculum

The Extensor Zone VII (wrist) contains 6 extensor compartments comprising of 6 synovial sheath lined tunnels separated from each other by fibrous sheath. These compartments contain tendons of muscles that pass from forearm to hand. The number of tendons passing through the compartments (radial to ulnar) can be remembered using the mnemonic: 2-2-1-2-1-1. Compartment 1: APL (Abductor …

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Mnemonic for Child-Pugh Classification

Remember the factors used in Child-Pugh Classification for Hepatic Disease using the mnemonic AABBC. AA BB C Ascites Albumin level Bleeding (Prothrombin Time/INR) Bilirubin level Cephalopathy (ie, encephalopathy) Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check out these medical mnemonics Mnemonics for Clinical Features …

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Mnemonic to remember the Causes of Urinary Retention

Remember the causes of Urinary Retention using the mnemonic ATONIC BLADDER. ATONIC BLADDER Atonic myelitis Transverse myelitis Obstruction to urethra, e.g. stone, stricture, etc. Neurological: multiple sclerosis, spinal cord disease Infections: UTI Compression of bladder by fibrosis/ retroverted uterus Bladder: stone, tumor Lithium Anti-cholinergic drugs Drug: sympathomimetic +Delivery – after effect Enlarged prostate Rupture of …

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Mnemonic for Hyperdense GI lesions on CT

We have three super useful mnemonics to remember the causes of high density lesions in the gastrointestinal tract on CT: CHIPES COINS PIG BEACH CHIPES C: chloral hydrate/cocaine packets H: heavy metals I: iodinated compounds, e.g. contrast media, iron P: phenothiazines E: enteric-coated pills S: solvents e.g. carbon tetrachloride COINS C: chloral hydrate/cocaine packets O: opiate packets I: iron and heavy metals N: neuroleptic agents S: sustained release/enteric coated pills PIG …

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Mnemonic for Signs and Symptoms of Tension Pneumothorax

Remember the signs and symptoms of Pneumothorax using this mnemonic P-THORAX. P-THORAX Pleuritic pain Tracheal deviation Hyperresonance Onset sudden Reduced breath sounds (and dyspnea) Absent fremitus X-ray shows collapse We also have another mnemonic for the common causes of Pneumothorax that you can find here. Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the …

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