Surgery

Mnemonics for Causes of Ileus

A mnemonic for the common causes of adynamic ileus is: 5 Ps The classic “5 Ps” are: P: postoperative P: peritonitis P: potassium: low (also disturbances of other electrolytes) P: pelvic and spinal fractures P: parturition However, there are a few further Ps that can be included: P: pancreatitis P: Parkinson medication P: painkillers, e.g. opioids Another useful mnemonic to remember the causes of Ileus is GOOD …

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Budd–Chiari syndrome Triad

Budd–Chiari syndrome is a rare condition caused by occlusion of the hepatic veins that drain the liver. It presents with the classical triad of abdominal pain, ascites, and liver enlargement. The syndrome can be fulminant, acute, chronic, or asymptomatic. MORE ARTICLES

Mnemonics for Adverse side effects of Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are a frequently asked topic in medical exams, be it USMLE, PLAB, NEET-PG and so on. The many side effects of corticosteroids can be memorized using several easy mnemonics. We will list them all out in this post. Choose the mnemonic you find easiest. So, here we go, the first mnemonic to remember corticosteroid …

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Mnemonics to remember Clinical Features of Alcohol Withdrawal

Remember Clinical Features and Clinical presentation of of Alcohol Withdrawal using the mnemonic PAST NIGHT. Psychomotor agitation Anxiety, +Autonomic excitability Systolic hypertension Tremens delirium, Nausea and vomiting Insomnia Grand-mal seizures Hallucination/illusions, +Headache, +Hyperactive reflexes Tremor, Tachycardia Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.Also check …

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Mnemonics to remember Inguinal Canal Walls

Remember the inguinal canal walls using the menmonic MALT*2 MALT × 2 Roof → 2M; 2 Muscles (internal oblique, transversus abdominis) Ant. wall → 2A; 2 Aponeuroses (external and internal oblique) Floor → 2L; 2 Ligaments (inguinal and lacunar) Post. wall → 2T; Transversalis fascia, conjoint Tendon Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic …

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Mnemonics for Hyperkalemia – Causes, Signs and Symptoms & Management

Causes of Hyperkalemia can be remembered using the mnemonic MOTHER Metabolic acidosis, Medications (ACE-inhibitors, NSAIDS, Beta blockers) Overestimated potassium (Pseudo hyperkalemia), Over tissue catabolism, Overdose of digitalis Tumor lysis syndrome, Trauma Hyperaldosteronism, Hemolysis Excessive Intake Renal failure, Rhabdomyolysis Another mnemonic to remember Hyperkaemia causes is MACHINE. Remember the phrase “The Body CARED too much about Potassium” Cellular …

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