USMLE

Notes, Mnemonics and Quizzes for USMLE preparation

Mnemonics for Causes of Ileus

A mnemonic for the common causes of adynamic ileus is: 5 Ps The classic “5 Ps” are: P: postoperative P: peritonitis P: potassium: low (also disturbances of other electrolytes) P: pelvic and spinal fractures P: parturition However, there are a few further Ps that can be included: P: pancreatitis P: Parkinson medication P: painkillers, e.g. opioids Another useful mnemonic to remember the causes of Ileus is GOOD …

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Mnemonic for Risk Factors of Endometrial Carcinoma – HONDA

HONDA increase risk of Endometrial carcinoma; Hypertension, Obesity, Nulliparity, Diabetes, Aging. ENDOMET can also be used to remember risk factors for endometrial carcinoma. Another mnemonic that can help you remember the risk factors of endometrial carcinoma is OLD AUNT. Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the …

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Budd–Chiari syndrome Triad

Budd–Chiari syndrome is a rare condition caused by occlusion of the hepatic veins that drain the liver. It presents with the classical triad of abdominal pain, ascites, and liver enlargement. The syndrome can be fulminant, acute, chronic, or asymptomatic. MORE ARTICLES

Mnemonics for Adverse side effects of Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids are a frequently asked topic in medical exams, be it USMLE, PLAB, NEET-PG and so on. The many side effects of corticosteroids can be memorized using several easy mnemonics. We will list them all out in this post. Choose the mnemonic you find easiest. So, here we go, the first mnemonic to remember corticosteroid …

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Kreb’s cycle (Citric Acid Cycle) : High Yield Notes with Mnemonics

Mnemonic for Enzymes and Steps in Kreb’s Cycle: Our City Is Kept Safe And Sound From Malice OxaloacetateCitrate synthase Citrate (may leave the mitochondria to enter CITRATE SHUTTLE for fatty acid synthesis)Aconitase (Aconitic acid is a dehydrated citric acid) IsocitrateIsocitrate dehydrogenase (dehydrogenated H+ added to NAD to form NADH & CO2) Major control enzyme (inhibited by …

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Mendelian Inheritance and Inheritance Patterns : High Yield Notes with Mnemonics

Some important terms related to inheritance and genetics Gene:  a functional part of the DNA molecule of a chromosome which directs the synthesis of a specific polypeptide chain. Allele (allelomorph): alternative form of a gene found at the same locus on a pair of homologous chromosomes. Homozygous: the presence of two identical alleles at a particular locus on …

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