There are several mnemonics to remember the difference between Galeazzi and a Monteggia fracture-dislocation. These two are often confused by medical students and therefore, frequently asked in competitive exams like USMLE PLAB and NEET.
Here, in this article, I have enlisted some of these mnemonics that can be used to remember Galeazzi and Monteggia fractures.
- MUGR (pronounced as mugger)
- GRUesome MURder
- Manchester United / Glasgow Rangers
It is useful to note that it is the head of the non-fractured bone that is dislocated.
GRIMUS helps to remember which forearm bone is fractured and whether the distal (“inferior”) or proximal (“superior”) part of the bone is involved.
- G: Galeazzi
- R: radius
- I: inferior
- M: Monteggia
- U: ulna
- S: superior
- Monteggia involves fracture of the ulna with proximal radial dislocation
- Galeazzi involves fracture of the radius with distal radioulnar dislocation
- Fractured radius of Galeazzi
GRUesome MURder assists remembering which bone is firstly fractured and then secondly which is dislocated:
- G: Galeazzi R: radius fracture U: ulna dislocation
- M: Monteggia U: ulna fracture R: radial head dislocation
Manchester United / Glasgow Rangers
Two British football (soccer) teams, with devoted followings:
- Man U: Monteggia / ulnar fracture
- Glasgow Rangers: Galeazzi / radial fracture
Hope you found those useful. Also, check out these useful mnemonics below.