Mnemonics- Causes of Absolute polycythemia

Remember the causes of Absolute Polycythemia using the mnemonic HAJI or ABDULRASHID.


  • Hypoxia/cardiopulmonary-associated
  • Autonomous EPO production +
  • Associated with renal disorder
  • + Athletic performance enhancing agents
  • JAK2 mutation ;polycythemia vera
  • Inherited (germline mutations)

Alternatively, Full Causes By Details


  • Apnea
  • Blood Doping
  • Uterine myomata
  • Low partial pressure of oxygen in inspired air
  • Right-to-left cardiac shunts
  • + RCC
  • + Renal artery stenosis,
  • + Renal transplantation
  • Abnormal oxygen delivery to tissues(High oxygen affinity Hb)
  • Somatic mutations(JAK2 mutation):Polycythemia vera
  • Heavy smoking
  • + HCC
  • + Hemangioblastoma
  • + Hypoventilation syndrome
  • Inherited(germline mutations)
  • Depletion in body fluid(hemoconcentration)

Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.
Also check out these medical mnemonics

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