Mnemonics – Causes of Chronic Constipation

Remember the causes of chronic constipation using the mnemonic JOE BIDEN


  • Juvenile eating disorder(anorexia nervosa)
  • Other(pregnancy, systemic sclerosis, myotonic dystrophy)
  • Environmental and dietary(low fiber diet, immobility,…)
  • Bowel obstructing lesions
  • Irritable bowel syndrome, Idiopathic chronic constipation
  • Drugs(Aluminum, Opiates,…), Dyssynergia defecation
  • Endocrine and metabolic (hypothyroidism,hypokalemia,hypercalcemia)
  • Neurogenic disorders(Multiple sclerosis, Hirschsprung disease)

Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.
Also check out these medical mnemonics

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