Remember the differentials of Unconsciousness using this simple medical mnemonic : FISH SHAPED
Illness/Infantile febrile convulsions
Remember the Common Causes of Unconsciousness using this simple medical mnemonic : DEATHH
All these common causes need to be ruled out first.
Diabetes mellitus: causing DKA, non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma, or hypoglycemia
Alcohol or drugs
Hypertension: causing hypertensive encephalopathy or stroke
Heart disease: causing myocardial infarction (MI)
Remember the Initial Treatment of an Unconscious patient using the medical mnemonic : DONT Forget
Dextrose: 50 mL of 50% dextrose IV bolus
Oxygen: 40% by mask
Naloxone (narcan): 1 mg IV initially, to maximum 10 mg
Thiamine: 100 mg IV (give before dextrose)
Flumazenil: 0.1 mg IV push
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