Mnemonics for Viral Hepatitis Clinical Features

Remember the clinical features of Viral Hepatitis using these mnemonics.

  • A and E types are fecal-oral, on the ends like the mouth/anus of the GI tract
  • HAV → Asymptomatic (usually, but can cause jaundice in some cases), Acute, Alone (no carriers)
  • HBV → Blood borne; the cousin of HCV, as both predispose to chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma
  • HCV → Chronic, Cirrhosis, Carcinoma, Carriers
  • HDV → Defective, Dependent on HBV
  • HEV → Enteric, Expectant mothers (high mortality in pregnant women)

Virus & Lab

Presidential   Honor  Free  D.C.

A = P icornavirus, naked capside, RNAanti-HAV-IgM

B = H epadnavirus, enveloped, DNAanti-HBc IgM, HBsAg, HBeAg

C = F lavivirus, enveloped, RNA, anti-HVC ELISA

D = D efective, enveloped circular RNA, anti-HDV ELISA

E = C alcivirus, naked capsid, RNA

Hep E used to be Calcivirus. Now is Hepevirus ==> Hep E virus

New Mnemonic then:       lease,  elp!  riends  on’t  urt

P icornavirus => Hep A

H epadnavirus => Hep B

F lavivirus => Hep C

D efective => Hep D

H epevirus => Hep E


Hope that mnemonic helped. Got a better mnemonic for the same? Let us know in the comments below.
Also check out these medical mnemonics

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