Mnemonics to remember NSAIDS

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and diclofanac are the most commonly prescribed drugs for arthritis, inflammation, and cardiovascular protection. However, they cause gastrointestinal complications such as ulcers and erosions. The pathophysiology of these complications has mostly been ascribed to NSAID’s action on the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition and the subsequent prostaglandin (PG) deficiency.

NSAIDs are frequently asked in exams like USMLE, PLAB, NEXT. We have several useful mnemonics to help you remember NSAIDs and their properties.


Beneficial effects of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis by NSAIDs (remember 5 A’s).

Analgesia
Antipyretic
Anti-inflammatory
Antithrombotic
Arteriosus (NSAIDs for closure of patent ductus arteriosus)     

     
Side effects of NSAIDs (remember nSAID):

Swelling
Allergy
Impaired renal function
Damage stomach wall (ulcer)


Contraindications to NSAIDs (remember BARS)

Bleeding (peri-op, coagulopathy)
Asthma (10% of asthmatics are sensitive to non-steroidals)
Renal disease (hypovolaemia)
Stomach (peptic ulcer or gastritis).  Can prescribe PPI for gastro-protection


To remember the classification of NSAIDs-, remember the mnemonic Painted By SOFIA).

P-propionic acid derivates
-pyrrolo derivates
-pyrazolon derivates
B-benzoxazocin derivates
S-salicylates:
O-oxicame derivates
F-fenamic acid derivates
I-indol derivates
A-aryl acetic acid and anthranilic acid derivates

Hope you found those mnemonics useful. We are glad you liked it! 🙂

If we missed any points, please let us know in the comments below! We are continuously striving to improve our notes and articles, and will update our posts based on your valuable feedback.

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